Organophosphorus Ester-Induced Chronic Neurotoxicity

ABSTRACT. Organophosphorus compounds are potent neurotoxic chemicals that are widely used in medicine, industry, and agriculture. The neurotoxicity of these chemicals has been documented in accidental human poisoning, epidemiological studies, and animal models. Organophosphorus compounds have 3 distinct neurotoxic actions. The primary action is the irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, resulting in the accumulation of acetylcholine…

Organophosphates in aircraft cabin and cockpit air—method development and measurements of contaminants

Methods for measurements and the potential for occupational exposure to organophosphates (OPs) originating from turbine and hydraulic oils among flying personnel in the aviation industry are described. Different sampling methods were applied, including active within-day methods for OPs and VOCs, newly developed passive long-term sample methods (deposition of OPs to wipe surface areas and to…

CABIN AIR FILTRATION SYSTEMS – Novel Technological solutions for Commercial Aircraft

There is mounting evidence that Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and other aerosolised condensates and vapours related to contamination of breathing air in modern aircraft could have health and safety implications for both the passengers and the air crew. This presentation provides a review of the technologies currently available for aircraft cabin air treatment; disposable carbon…