A new book by US Health Guru Dr Jacalyn will be published on Wednesday 4 May 2022 @ 1500 EST or 1900 UTC or 2000 BST
A chapter on Aerotoxic Syndrome including Captain John Hoyte’s story will be included.
A new book by US Health Guru Dr Jacalyn will be published on Wednesday 4 May 2022 @ 1500 EST or 1900 UTC or 2000 BST
A chapter on Aerotoxic Syndrome including Captain John Hoyte’s story will be included.
4 March 2022
To whom it may concern,
Exactly forty years after I first relocated from Norfolk to Shropshire and now I am preparing to return to live and work in Shropshire for a third and final time on Saturday 5 March 2022. I had a partially successful trial run 12 months ago.
Since the spring of 1990, my life has been defined by being made invisibly ill from flying the BAe 146 jet, like countless other aircrew and passengers around the world whose health has been adversely affected by a known, fundamental design flaw of most jet aircraft of continuing to use contaminated (mostly with carbon monoxide) ‘bleed air’ to ventilate the cabin with toxic air sensors which are deliberately not fitted.
On 10 January 2022 I signed a formally witnessed Statement, which can be found on www.aerotoxic.org along with other global dated evidence for any public court to consider. As 260 overdue Unite the Union Toxic Cabin Air legal cases are about to be judged in London, imminently – which most would agree is of public interest.
I now have the choice of making my return to Shropshire fully public and share my story to date or go as quietly as possible back to Shropshire to pursue my general flying interests, which includes resolving the cabin air problem with known solutions and responsible public authorities including the Police, CAA and BBC.
But my future actions will be based on how the UK government deals with this situation, as to date – they have not responded appropriately. Aerotoxicity has become defined by money – nothing to do with science nor medicine.
Many people have become aware over the years of my involvement with this systematically covered-up danger of flying from toxic cabin air exposure, which has been well known about and documented since 1955 with a brief BBC Panorama report of 2008 to the UK public.
It is reasoned that it may not now be in the public interest to know the full extent of this covered-up cause of mass public poisoning, which can affect anyone who flies because the world has suddenly become a very unstable state, but public health is always the priority and must now be addressed.
However, I do have a public duty to Her Majesty the Queen to share my expert knowledge, experience and evidence with others to eventually resolve this known H&S issue for future generations and that is what I will do in Shropshire – either with full publicity of my story or more behind the scenes, with outside help and on agreed terms.
Former BAe 146 Training Captain
Aerotoxic Solutions Consultancy Ltd.
As a career professional pilot, I first became aware of Aerotoxic Syndrome (AS) in early 2006 soon after I had had to retire prematurely at the age of 49 from being an airline pilot for 16 years.
I had experienced a variety of severe neurological symptoms for 15 of those years and I was disturbed to find out that the illness had already been well known about as a US Doctor, a French forensic scientist and an Australian toxicologist had first published their peer reviewed paper on 20 October 1999 and many other scientific papers have been published since, as the public’s health is traded for profit by certain people.
Because AS involves huge amounts of money, the public illness has been covered up by successive governments around the world as they put the health and wellbeing of industry ahead of public health.
I have run Aerotoxic Association Ltd (not for profit) and invested around £250K since 2007 but I realised in recent times that I had become very familiar with most of the known and available lucrative solutions. That’s why I founded the company in 2021 and now it’s overdue to focus on helping the public with known solutions whilst others continue to argue over the illness’s existence. We never argue over whether the public illness exists or not, just concentrate on the known solutions.
ASC is for profit, as we need key people who are used to dealing with money, but the overwhelming requirement must always be that anyone involved must always put public health first, as is frequently claimed by governments.
The known solutions are Medical, Technical, Occupational health, ‘Further Research’ and Legal – but the common theme throughout is aviation – so a keen interest for those who have a love of flying would be a definite advantage, as I wish to return to flying in the future, mostly.
One of the challenges is that few people – even in flying are aware of this covered up public disease, but this will soon change, as there are 260 UK Unite the Union public court cases waiting to be heard from March 2022 onwards – these legal cases have built up steadily over the past 5 years and have been delayed by Covid 19 but are now waiting to be judged.
Few doubt the outcome of eventual formal global disease recognition with other developed countries in similar situations and isolated public court wins which began in the High Court of Australia with Turner v’s East West Airlines on 3 September 2010 after a ‘fume event’ 18 years earlier.
But we know from published parliamentary evidence and a 2008 BBC Panorama that large (40) groups of passengers (including young children) on a single flight can also be affected and there are around 1,000,000 aircrew and frequent flyers with AS in Europe alone – an attractive business proposition therefore – for the right sort of people to help those who have been injured and their journey to enlightenment and recovery.
Shropshire has been a special county for me since the 1980’s when I was an aerial spraying pilot. Salop is a friendly, ‘Can Do’ place where the people care for one another and the right business mix exists for a Darwin style of new company where money is a by-product, not the aim.
“It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is most adaptable to change”.
Any new business is as good as the people in it and whilst I am mostly qualified to fly aeroplanes which includes forward thinking, tough decision making and creativity – I need others on board who relish change, know clever stuff and have the vision of helping others, always knowing that anything is possible.
3 March 2022
My flying logbook tells me that at 1530 on 22 February 1982 I landed for the first time at Condover airfield, south of Shrewsbury in Shropshire after a 90 minute flight from Gloucestershire in very poor visibility.
I can still recall the thrill of arriving in a new county where I would spend five happy years living and flying. I had been aerial crop spraying for a couple of years in Norfolk and wanted to ‘do my own thing’ and life all seemed too good to be true.
But we only had land line phones, the post and VHF radios in those relatively innocent and simple pre internet days.
I would be working with a great Shropshire friend John Fergusson who would operate the Bedford loading lorry and whose parents still farmed near Telford, so local and invaluable help, who already knew the county very well. We also had a Norfolk marker Ian – who rushed around in a Renault van marking the fields and generally preparing the work all over Shropshire, Herefordshire, Staffordshire and Wales.
We all lived together in a large rented house in Bayston Hill, close to Condover and having been brought up and schooled in East Anglia for the first years of my life – I was always keen ‘to go over the horizon’ and find new challenges. It has always been notoriously difficult for anyone to get a steady job in aviation, close to where one lives.
East Anglia is notoriously flat and has therefore always has been relatively easy to fly from as there are no hills or mountains to deal with. I was looking forward to the new challenges of flying in Shropshire which I found to be utterly beautiful and magical, as the locals were very warm and welcoming, which I was told was due to the fact that their farmers went to weekly livestock markets and enjoyed banter and fun.
My Father had previously moved to live and work near Oswestry – so apart from having close family there I soon made lifelong friends amongst the locals over the next 5 happy years.
In the winter of 1982, I needed to keep working so I went out to Kenya and flew there at 10,000’ above mean sea level, spraying barley for The Kenya Brewery, but I also nearly killed myself several times as flying at high altitude required new skills but it was a great experience living with the Maasai for three months.
I would then over winter in safer South Australia where I continued aerial spraying and first developed aerial fire fighting over four years.
By 1987, I had got married to a Norfolk girl who was living in Shropshire and were becoming aware that aerial spraying was going out of fashion as it was being replaced by low pressure, wide boom ground sprayers, so we decided to change my aviation career as anyone has to do in life – by flying larger, supposedly safer aircraft and we moved to Warwickshire to be nearer to the main airfields of Coventry, Birmingham, Luton and Heathrow.
Ironically, I nearly lost my life on my last ferry flight back to Old Buckenham, Norfolk on 17 September 1987, my mother’s birthday with added pressure to return as I got lost in heavy rain and low cloud in the Midlands but got back to Norfolk, eventually.
But leaving Shropshire to fly larger aircraft would prove to be a serious mistake for me and countless others – as I now know that jet aircraft are not safer.
I now chose to return to both live and fly in Shropshire and take up new careers – exactly 40 years on.
2 March 2022
To: Whom it may concern
From: John M. Lind CPCU ARM
Date: 26 January 2022
Subject: Contaminated air in airliner cabins, A summary but comprehensive presentation
Ladies / Gentlemen:
Call it what we may, the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018, Sensors, Section 326(d) in context with contaminated cabin air is made necessary by the failure of the RITE/ACER/COE congressionally mandated program. RITE ACER offered very little knowledge useful to understanding this most illusive occupational and public health hazard. Illusive, but fundamentally very simply understood, it continues to be a case of industry cover-up. If anyone would doubt this statement, ask:
(1) Who is responsible to the people to know and understand the hazards arising from public service operations?
(2) What is their responsibility for the cost of accidents and incidents incurred by employees and passengers during commercial operations?
(3) Are they fulfilling their obligation?
(4) The FAA does not investigate fume incidents even though some “incidents” have been fatal. Why not?
(5) Why after 40 years has the airline industry failed to solve the contaminated cabin air problem? Cover up? The questions answer themselves!
During the active ACER program, 2004 to 2014, air carrier executives did their collective best to control opportunity and dialog around this federal mandate. They controlled access to aircraft, chose the aircraft that could be evaluated, denied investigation on revenue flights, delayed supporting activities, and somehow, budgeted funding didn’t arrive when and where it was needed. Eventually, in pure pork barrel fashion, politicians usurped funds for their own pet projects at home.
How will the industry respond now to the requirements demanded by Section 326(d)? Truth . . . . as it is intended to apply to this discussion is the truth as I have come to see it.
You may have heard this before so I’ll be brief – Into the 1970s, government lawmakers grew more and more intolerant of high airfares that priced most of society out of air travel. The excesses of the Civil Aeronautics Board, regulator of all things necessary to air operations, had outlived its industry protective usefulness. Carelessly, the U.S. Congress passed the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978. (1)
In doing so it forced upon airline managers an 18th century, poorly understood (or deliberately misrepresented), impractical theory of economics. (2) The expected aggressive competition began and continued for decades. Fares fell to operationally unsustainable levels leading to excessive cost cutting. Airline economics turned upside down as expenses fell to meet revenue. Employees were denied statutory workers compensation; (3) new aircraft and engine maintenance protocols became assurances that high costs of engine overhauls and bearing seal replacement could safely be avoided.(4)
Executives now emphasize engine and APU degradation and remaining useful life (RUL). Thus, in some cases, old, run out engines and APUs become throw away items. Even problem aircraft are thrown away, reference B-767 N251AY, which is rumored to have burned at the gate in another land.
With demand for seats ever climbing and surviving fleets expanding, the need to push aircraft utilization to new limits dominated the day. Creeping equipment deterioration occurred. Maintenance shortcuts ended or delayed necessary repairs. Aircraft with aging engines and APUs continued in revenue service. Gradually over the period from 1985 to the present, incidents of cabin air contamination grew. Auxiliary power units in tail cones high off the tarmac required maintenance platforms for access. They were often overlooked. Some of the worst cases of crew and passenger disability are attributed to the APU. Engine compressor bearing seals, a recognized source of engine oil “consumption”, which were regularly replaced before deregulation, have long exceeded their useful lives.
The most dangerous consequence of this systemic deterioration was increased incidents of smoke and fumes causing increased numbers of aircrew and passenger illnesses. Executives and regulators have ignored their safety and health responsibilities; these dangers remain with us today.
Major Unintended Consequences:
Deregulation wasn’t a mistake; some say necessary. It was a poorly conducted process of inducement to bring more business into the air transportation industry. Instead of planning a gradual weaning-off from micro-regulations, air carriers were abandoned to “slug each other senseless” for survival. (6)
Deregulation rendered the airline industry unaccountable to all authority, state, Federal, and public opinion, except the FAA. Grossly, underfunded and poorly guided, the FAA is incapable of exercising its Congress-delegated authority.
Cost cutting to extremes has created a system of constant whack-a-mole to try to keep ahead of recurring uncertainties and the costs thereof.
Prevention in equipment maintenance and employee safety is now but a recollection from the past among the few who might remember.
On-the-job injuries that had been a predictable routine in the airline industry, today are grossed up by the unanticipated aerotoxic syndrome casualties. Statistics were comprehensive and accurate! Once upon a time the OJI’s were carefully recorded, marshaled for claimant indemnification, combed for loss control frequency and severity, shared with NCCI for rate making, and the National Safety Council for industrial ranking. All of that was my responsibility. Today most or all of it has been trashed by the airline industry.
Carrier executives no longer comply with state workers compensation laws because they know the historical frequency and severity of accidents brought financial losses unserviceable in the mandated, low airfare, oversight-poor environment that is by definition, deregulation in a free marketplace.
III. Question. Is the contaminated cabin air issue the result of a faulty product? I once thought the engine bleed air system was a faulty product, a product design defect. As a former aircraft products liability insurance underwriter (as well as workers comp), and having now had time to study the aerotoxic situation thoroughly, I am not so sure.
Powerplant designers, engineers, and manufacturers at the beginning of the jet age were designing for a revolutionary world of never before seen fast and high-flying aircraft. Previously, passenger aircraft would struggle to fly over mountain ranges at the lowest levels of the troposphere. Later piston powered aircraft like the Boeing Stratocruiser and the Lockheed Constellation needed engine-driven superchargers to maintain sufficient combustion air for high altitude operation. These superchargers also offered enough excess compressed air for the cabins of these aircraft. Jet engines do not use superchargers. For jet travel then, designers would need a new design for routine flight where pressurized air would always be essential for air traveler comfort and survival.
Engine designers and engineers, however, were well aware of the possibility that engine oil could bypass oil seals at the engine bearing sumps. They soon decided that using engine bleed air as their basic resource for cabin pressurization and life sustaining oxygen was too much of a worry to contemplate.(7) Boeing produced its first production jet-liner, the 707, using clean outside air. Their design used bleed air to drive a turbo compressor (similar in principle to the supercharger) to compress and condition air for the aircraft interior. McDonald Douglas with the DC-8 and Convair, the 880, would follow with similar basic designs.
These aircraft needed four engines to assure thrust sufficient to sustain adequate performance in this new environment. Even so, they were underpowered. Just why designers, engineers, and manufacturers so soon abandoned the original clean air philosophy is not specifically explained in the literature. We must surmise:
These and any other possible burdens that increase flight duration, burn fuel, add maintenance, or in any way force deviations from regular operations so as to increase operating costs will be financially unacceptable to airline executives.
We note, therefore, that airline management is cost-driven – first, last, and always. They must operate on this basis. Manufacturers are challenged to meet this airline-imposed financial barrier and compete in the marketplace accordingly. Isn’t it easy to see that research, development, and manufacturing of the airline aircraft and powerplant product have now evolved to the point of near perfection? Can it be that the small percentage of imperfection, partly represented by leaky bearing seals, might be a current state-of-the-art limitation rather than a faulty design or manufacture?
Advocates for aerotoxic casualties have asked engine manufacturers to repair or replace turbofan engine bearing seals. The effort to do so leads to the practical decision that once engine disassembly is needed to replace the seals, a complete engine overhaul will become beneficial. The cost at this point, as high as $3,000,000, is prohibitive to the overhauler’s and manufacturer’s customer.
Advocates have also asked aircraft manufacturers to install air sensors in the cabin or oil leak sensors in engines and ducting. One specific response from an engine manufacturer states, “We will not put anything on an aircraft that is not ordered by the customer”.
Today constant monitoring of aircraft in operation around the world provides detailed, sensor-recorded degradation data on turbofan engines. (9) Engines can operate for 10 to 20 years or more without major maintenance. Air carrier executives now depend upon actual data showing low engine degradation rates and related useful life (RUL) of engines to permit on-wing continuous operations for up to a not unusual 50,000 hours. (10)
With all of the detailed engine monitoring, there are no sensors installed for the purpose of monitoring cabin air contaminants, not in the air, nor in the engines or ECS ducting. Installing such sensors to advise pilots when they need to make emergency landings and also advise of necessary maintenance would erase the cost saving benefits of the entire preventive maintenance protocol. No matter that aircraft become non-airworthy. No matter that flight attendants become permanently disabled from carbon monoxide poisoning; pilots and passengers too. No matter that this scenario has influenced non-compliance with state workers compensation laws. No matter that the airline industry, writ large, has become a swamp of financial fraud perpetrated for employer financial benefit at the expense of the innocent flight attendant, pilot, and unsuspecting passenger.
Forced into the deregulation corner . . .
This is the air transportation norm of operations today.
We anticipate sensor data confirming contamination in airliner cabins. Will the 117th Congress begin a process that will offset the folly of the 95th Congress? Will the results of compliance with Section 326(d) influence seal replacement? Will new designs result that will remove or mitigate the toxic fumes from airliner cabins? As air carriers recover from the scourge of a crippling pandemic will they have mood or desire to be rid of toxic cabin air? Or will they retreat into their tortoise shells of unaccountability?
Ill, injured, and disabled crewmembers and their advocates place themselves in positions to see that the best interests in human health and flying safety are practiced. After four decades of the international conspiracy of silence about contaminated cabin air, the traveling public deserves no less.
(1) (a) S.2493, The Act – . . . . to encourage, develop, and attain an air transportation system which relies on competitive market forces to determine quality, variety, and price of air services . . . .
(b) CAB Closing – “Now they are on their own. Free markets and private industry do a better job than the Federal Government.”
(2) https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/economics/what-is-invisible-hand/ (3) Reports from crewmember testimony, the media, medical records. Cases of wrongfully denied workers compensation. Undeniable cases of fraud made possible by contracts between employer and claims service companies that in a regulated environment would be prosecuted as illegal purposes. To be assembled when needed to support purposeful action. (4) Preventive Maintenance – https://www.sae.org/standards/content/arp1587b/
(6) Hard Landing, Thomas Petzinger, Jr. Pg. 86 – “a naïve public establishment with the promise of low airfares if only Washington would force the airlines to compete. The airlines . . . . were dragged kicking and screaming into the coliseum, where, like clumsy gladiators, they aimlessly slugged each other senseless. Only when it was too late did Congress grasp its folly.” (7) (a) 1953-0560.pdf, Comet Engineering, Air conditioning, 4th paragraph. Attached.
(b) http://www.bleedfree.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Reddall-1955-elimination-of-engine-bleed-air-small.pdf (c) https://scholar.smu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1405&context=jalc
(8) Aircraft Powerplants, Wild & Kroes, 8th Edition, Page 410.
(9) (a) https://medium.com/@hamalyas_/jet-engine-remaining-useful-life-rul-prediction-a8989d52f194 (b) https://www.nasa.gov/collection-asset/chetan-kulkarni-and-external-partners-release-new-turbofan-engine-degradation-0 (c) https://publications.aston.ac.uk/id/eprint/43441/1/2021124272.pdf